When preparing, it is essential to understand the goals of particular duty phrases and the subjects they are associated with.
I know you are often put off by the phrased job in a handout, however, they are relatively easy to understand when studying a school or college public speaking assignment.
|My definition is this: task words and adjectives are simply words that inform public speakers of what direction to take.|
It is vital that you are familiar with a wide array of duties in order to convey the message and / or instructions that you’re trying to get across.
Task Words Verbs and Adjectives
ANALYSE в†’ Look closely to a subject, an argument, an idea or a topic, determine the essence of the components in detail and the relation to each other.
E.g. Examine closely a current social event you have learned about.
ARGUE в†’ Present a systematic case built on reasons and evidence supporting or rejecting an idea, theory or proposition.
E.g. Reject the attempts of buying off governement officials.
ASSESS в†’ Decide the value, state positive and negative judgements, and conclude. Good impromptu speech topics can be:
E.g. Decide the value of a BA-degree / Masters-degree.
COMPARE в†’ Show and discuss similar and different characteristics or qualities of two things.
E.g. Discuss the pros and cons of offline and online friendships.
CONTRAST в†’ Emphasize differences of two things and give evidence to differentiate or distinguish their significance and consequences.
E.g. Emphasise the differences between verbal and non-verbal communication skills.
CRITICIZE в†’ Give your judgment about merits and faults of an opinion, theory or statement, and support it with evidence.
E.g. Judge the Academy Award decision for best picture winner Slumdog Millionaire.
DEFINE в†’ To get good impromptu speech topics make clear what the precise meaning of a word, term, phrase or situation is and why this definition is necessary.
E.g. Give the exact meaning of of narcissism.
DESCRIBE в†’ Present a detailed account of the features or characteristics.
E.g. Give the details of your baseball team (or other games).
DISCUSS в†’ Consider all pros and cons, and give a concluding judgement on the value of the for and against arguments.
E.g. The pros and cons of hitch hiking.
ENUMERATE в†’ Mention separately steps and stages of good impromptu speech topics one by one.
E.g. Present the steps to simple life.
EVALUATE в†’ Explain strong and weak aspects or opinions about the usefulness or utility and formulate a personal judgement.
E.g. The usefulness of diplomas and certifications.
EXPLAIN в†’ Show clearly how something happens in detail and the reasons or causes why.
E.g. Why sibling rivalry happens plus how.
ILLUSTRATE в†’ Use examples, diagrams, figures and evidence to make a complex concept easily understood.
E.g. What is a final salary scheme in calculating retirement pensions?
INTERPRET в†’ Bring out the importance, meaning and implications of information data and state your personal judgement.
E.g. The impact of tourism information on China (or other Asian country) befroe you book your trip.
JUSTIFY в†’ Defend adequate reasons and grounds for your decisions or conclusions, and support your chosen good impromptu speech topics by evidence.
E.g. Why President Obama sure is a good Nobel Prize winner – or why isn’t he not at all.
OUTLINE в†’ Provide the main points and principles in a logical order and name the relationship between each point.
E.g. The causes and events that lead to the Battle of Gettysburg, July 1863.
PROVE в†’ Demonstrate the truth or falsity with logical evidence and arguments.
E.g. The truth behind the death of Michael Jackson revealed- and the role of his doctor.
REVIEW в†’ Critically report the main facts, theories, issues of an event, and explain the importance of off the cuff improvising.
E.g. The likes and dislikes of participating in a sunday afternoon picnic in the woods or at the river side.
SUMMARIZE в†’ Describe concisely the main points of a good speech topic, without examples or details.
E.g. The golden rules of a television sitcom comedy scenario.
TRACE в†’ Identify and describe the stages, steps, phases, processes or the historical events of good impromptu speech topics and start from its origin.
E.g. The effective step by step method to make studying more fun every day again – come over the humb.
My sources – the bibliography of this whole section:
Peterson, Jim A. (2007). How to Deal With Your Persuasive Study.
Marshall, L and Rowland, F (2001). A Guide to Learning Independently.